Category: Europe

Merkel’s Open Borders: Reanalyzing German National Security

GABRIEL DAVIS In February 2015, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, responding to Syria’s grisly civil war and the growing number of migrants it produced, “threw open [Germany’s] doors” to let in upwards of one million refugees.[1] Just nine months later, Paris exploded with the deadliest terror attacks on French shores since World War II[2], rocking the ...

The Many Flaws of Fascism: Explaining the Nazi Defeat

by JOSEPH LOCASCIO Fascism gave way to the combined might of democracy and communism in World War II. Considering the vile nature of the Nazis’ regime, it is hardly surprising that their vision of modernity was not a long-lived one. Indeed, Jarausch concludes, in part for this reason, that it was “No wonder that democratic modernity ...

The War Guilt Controversy: Germany as a Benevolent Challenger in WWI

by OLIVIA LIN Conventional scholarship, along with the Treaty of Versailles itself, have characterized Germany as one of the chief aggressors of World War I. In addition to the necessary historical conditions that set the stage for war, WWI could also be viewed as the culmination of a series of miscalculations among military strategists of ...

The Draught of Dominion: Power, Reason, and the Liberal Justification of Empire

by JOSEPH LOCASCIO Francis Fukuyama argues that “most ‘liberal’ European societies were illiberal insofar as they believed in the legitimacy of imperialism, that is, the right of one nation to rule over another nation without regard for the wishes of the ruled.”[1]Imperialism, so the argument goes, is fundamentally illiberal. A nation cannot both rule despotically over ...

The Rise of the Athenian Empire: Power, Survival, and the Spartan Contribution

by JOSEPH LOCASCIO Was Sparta responsible for the rise of the Athenian Empire? Not to a great degree. Indeed, Sparta did not even provide a crucial push in the direction of Athenian Empire. It is fair to say, however, that Sparta facilitated the process by which Athens began to play the imperial role. Despite Spartan ...

French Minority Groups and US Foreign Policy

WALTER QUINTANILLA --  Though France is the U.S.’s oldest mission, the diplomatic relationship with the new French social composition will be one more complicated than before. Introduction: Europe has undergone a massive change in racial make-up. Rapid immigration has changed a predominantly white population with one that is more mixed and based around North African, Middle ...